Applied Behavior Analysis (ABA) is a systematic and scientific approach for examining environmental factors that influence behaviors. Two main components of ABA include a reductive component that attempts to reduce and or eliminate maladaptive (socially unacceptable) behaviors and a teaching component that seeks to find functionally appropriate replacement behaviors.
In recent years ABA has been coined “best practice” for educating children with autism and other developmental disabilities. The term ABA has been used synonymously with other terms in the treatment of autism such as; Discrete Trial Training (DTT), Verbal Behavior, and Pivotal Response Training (PRT). These are all strategies based on ABA principles however they are not considered ABA themselves.